Coonamble Aboriginal Health Service was established in 2007 as a result of local Aboriginal community members who were concerned about the Health and wellbeing of the Aboriginal Community.
Coonamble is located on the central-western plains of New South Wales. It lies on the Castlereagh Highway north-west of Gilgandra. It is a regional hub for wheat growing and sheep and wool. The name for the town is taken from the Gamilaraay word guna (faeces) and -bil (having a lot of) In the 2016 Census, there were 2,750 people in Coonamble. Of these 49.4% were male and 50.6% were female. Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people made up 34.2% of the population.